Neighboring country of Nepal has remained a watch on India's Lok Sabha election. When Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power, relations with Kathmandu were in the era of ups and downs, although by the end of the five-year term, the relations between the two countries are in a satisfactory position.
Politicians close to the power of Nepal give Congress priority over BJP. The current Chinese pro-Oli government is seen as a challenge for Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
After one year when the Modi government announced a ban on ban, then once the relations between the two countries soured. There is a lot of harm to the common people due to not having the facility of changing notes within Nepal. In spite of India's promise, the Reserve Bank of Nepal Nepalese Bank failed to resolve this issue with Nepal Bank.
The lack of trust between the two countries is clearly visible. There is also no mention of 'Neighborhood First' policy in BJP's election manifesto in 2019, which is astonishing. However, Congress has given a fillip to the policy of relations with neighboring countries and emphasized the need to improve relations with the SAARC countries.
In Nepal, under the leadership of KP Sharma Oli, the Nepal Communist Party (NCP) has a full majority for five years in parliament, in which Nepal is in a position to pursue concrete steps with India's new government.
The new government of India will have to review the report prepared by Nepal-India Eminent Persons Group (EPG) last year. In 2016, the EPG completed its report on India-Nepal bilateral relations in July 2018. This report was submitted to PM Modi 6 months ago but due to disagreements on some issues New Delhi refused to accept the report. Several improvements were made later in this report, but India will now consider it only after becoming a new government.
The EPG report is mainly about the 1950s Peace and Friendship Treaty between Nepal and India. If suggestions of EPG are considered, then there will be unprecedented change in the relations of Indo-Nepal.
Several steps, including the ID for cross border travel, high level surveillance on the border, reducing the entry points of the open border of both countries are suggested in this report. At the moment, citizens of both countries do not need an ID card or visa for travel.
In the second paragraph of LoE, it has been said that Nepal will seek the help and agreement of the Government of India before buying weapons and war materials from any country. Nepal has often expressed its objection. When King Birendra of Nepal imported military equipment from China in 1989, Kathmandu was accused of violating the treaty.
The Communist Party of Nepal had resolved in its election manifesto that it would end or unify all the unilateral treaties with India. Nepal's government has been accusing India of interfering in domestic politics, however, for the past few years, India has been avoiding giving its responses. The Indian ambassador in Kathmandu from the public forum rarely gives any political statements. Nepal has become more aggressive about its sovereignty since the new constitution has been implemented.
Kathmandu remains unhappy with taking sides of India's demand for a revision of the constitution of the Madhsheus-backed parties. In 2015, when the supporters of the Madhshese expressed dissatisfaction over the new constitution, India publicly supported them. Analysts say that due to the demands of political nature, the Modi government should have been careful, but it missed the place.
Later, on the Madheshya issue with Kathmandu, India softened its stand but refused to remove it from its preference. Kathmandu is once again eager to see what the new government of India takes on the demands of pro-Madhshese parties, especially when the movement for constitutional amendment has begun to capture again.
Nepal wants to see the formation of a government in New Delhi that can step forward in solving the serious issues and establish relations with it equally.