A per the reports Indian major cities are supposed to face a lot of water crisis in the coming years. By 2020, it is said that all the underground water will be over in a total of 21 cities of India. As per NITI Aayog, now is the time to look for urgent and improved management water resources to over the water problem.
Even now more than 600 million people are facing water stress issue. It is reported that 40 per cent of the water that is to be used as the surface water is being used each and every year. Also, there are almost 200,000 people that died due to insufficient safe water or access to clean drinking water. By 2050, it is said that the condition will only worsen with the high demand for water.
The cities are struggling for the water supply for a long time, and the immediate action must be taken for it as well as the scarcity of Indian food security.
CWMI is the right decision as many comprise state water management practices must be brought to the attention. Aayog also mentioned that the performance of the state must be bought into attention due to the existing laws of the groundwater exploitation.
The total of 21 cities will be facing a lot of problem in the future including Bengaluru, Delhi, Hyderabad and Chennai. They will run out of groundwater by 2020 and will affect a total of 100 million people. The 40 per cent of the population will have no access to the clean water to drink by the end of 2030.
However, even presently there are cities that are facing water shortage problem including Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Chhattisgarh due to the rapid decrease in the pattern of rainfall.
There are so many reports out in the open that focuses on the Indian water crisis including Economic Survey 2017-18. They triggered the changing depletion in groundwater and rainfall pattern that increases the dry monsoon day.
Basak said, “Therefore, it is critical to evaluate water risk and water management aspects at a watershed/catchment/river basin level. For example, look at how the water management indices of downstream states are getting impacted by the water management practices of upstream states and transboundary movement of water.”